Cocaine Detox Symptoms
An addict to cocaine is someone that has developed a dependency on it and so will undergo symptoms of withdrawal when attempting to quit.
Cocaine detox is not like other detox experiences. This is because cocaine is water-soluble- it dissolves very easily in the body and leaves quickly. Its effects are short-lived and the brain receives the high for a short time. Cocaine does not usually live in the body for a long period of time.
Symptoms Of Cocaine Detox
Highly addictive drugs such as cocaine can cause habitual users to get used to the euphoric “highness” it produces after normal usage. Cocaine can be both psychological and physically addictive. The duration of its effect is usually short which is why addicts use it repeatedly. As the effect clears off, users go for higher doses of the drug to attain the initial high but are unable to and they eventually become habitual users.
When there has been usage of cocaine in high doses, after a period of time the cocaine detox symptoms starts occurring. Symptoms of withdrawal ranges from 1 to 3 weeks and the user could have cravings, anxiety and sleep disorder for a long time. Primary symptoms include:
- Restlessness and agitation
- Low energy
- Increased appetite
- Unpleasant dreams
The depression and cravings for cocaine can go on for some months after quitting- especially for those that were using it daily. Low levels of serotonin and dopamine triggers these symptoms in the body system and could be treated in the short term using prescription of any of the antidepressants. Fear and extreme suspicion becomes more evident rather than euphoria when the “high” linked with ongoing usage becomes less pleasant by the day. However, there is a high tendency for the cravings to remain powerful.
Time is basically what is required in order to achieve internal body balance for those that were regular users of cocaine. It is pertinent to mention that withdrawal symptoms could be associated with suicidal thoughts in some cases and this should be taken seriously. Preferably such individuals should be referred to a psychologist or psychiatrist for professional help.
Side Effects Of Cocaine Detox
Withdrawing from cocaine might not be much of an issue but it has some unpleasant side effects and known symptoms which last for about a week or two and they include the following:
- Cocaine cravings
- Dwindling concentration
- Incapable of feeling pleasure
How Long Does Cocaine Detox Take
After indulging in the use of cocaine or a period of time, the break drown usually goes on for hours ranging from 9 hours to 4 days. Severe detox from cocaine span for about a week, after a period of dependency.
Post-acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS) start after acute withdrawal has occurred. The user could go through days of anxiety, general restlessness and sleeping issues. With time, this syndrome reduces in the severity. The possibility of predicting if a user will show any post-acute syndrome is difficult. Age, duration of use, frequency of use and the length of sober time are factors that contribute.
Acute symptoms usually disappear in a few days of staying away from the substance and are managed perfectly in medical detox. Withdrawal symptoms which are minor could last a little longer. PAWS can last for months and could even go on for years after quitting.
Overcoming the crash cycle is one of the difficult stages of the early phases of detox. The cravings that were present after the crash slowly starts reducing after 3-4days. A user that successfully overcomes this stage are able to abstain from the substance.
A way to tackle this issue is by psychological treatment. This is basically the only way available presently to treat cocaine detox symptoms, even though being around the user can be of help. Psychological, emotional and support from groups are important during cocaine detox. The symptoms are resolved with time.
However, there are some medications that are available which can help to relieve the withdrawal symptoms of cocaine and could help prevent relapse, though they are still under research. Below are a list of such medications:
- Propranolal: this is used during chronic addiction. It helps in supporting the initial stage of stead abstinence.
- Euphoria blockers: this helps to stop a relapse- such medications that lower the cravings or block the euphoria of cocaine have shown to be promising.
- Vaccine: a vaccine is still under research even though it shows promising to help avoid a relapse by producing antibodies.
- Relapse prevention medication: tiagabine, modafinil, baclofen are GABAergic medications which help to prevent any form of potential relapsing
Users of cocaine think that using other medications like sedatives, alcohol or hypnotics can help in treating these symptoms. But these substances are not advised as it can shift the focus from addiction to the other.